In a recent article, the Supreme Court will entertain once again college admission policies designed to create a racial balance in the United States. Racial imbalance is a product of individuals and groups who seek to dominate the quality of life of others. While the Supreme Court can set policy for college admissions, it has very little control over the impact of such policies that will perpetuate racism against Blacks.
According to the article, Why Supreme Court Case On Race in Admissions Matters More Than Ever, the Supreme Court will hear for the second time the Fischer vs. the University of Texas case. In the first case Abigail Fisher, a White female who applied to the University of Texas at Austin was denied admission. Fisher believes the admission denial was related to her race and decided to sue the university on the grounds that the university’s race-conscious admissions policy violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868 which granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.” This included former and recently freed slaves. In addition, the 14th amendment forbids states from denying any person “life, liberty or property, without due process of law” or to “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The 14th amendment expands that protection of civil rights to all Americans for which the Supreme Court will rule in the Abigail Fischer case. According to the letter of the 14th amendment, Abigail Fischer should win her complaint. After winning her complaint, many believe that the once expansion of the protection of civil rights will become reduced for many Blacks.
What proponents of reducing the impact of the 14th amendment through a Supreme Court ruling must understand is that a moral violation of the individual rights of Blacks will continue to be met with great opposition.
Blacks and Whites have a historical record for ensuring the civil rights for Blacks and their future. For example, Blacks and the Quakers banded together to make a difference in the future civil rights for all. Quakers are Whites who played a major role in the abolition movement against slavery in both the United Kingdom and in the United States of America. Quakers were part of the Society of Friends who became the first organization to take a collective stand against both slavery and the slave trade.
Quakers were a dominant force in the implementation of the underground Railroad which had a lasting impact on reducing slavery and the slave trade. The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by people of African descent who were enslaved during the 19th-century. The underground railroad helped slaves to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.
Another Quaker, Elias Hicks, wrote the ‘Observations on the Slavery of the Africans‘ in 1811 (2nd ed. 1814). In his writings, he urged the boycott of the products of slave labor. Many other Quaker families helped slaves in their travels through the Underground Railroad. Henry Stubbs and his sons helped runaway slaves get across Indiana. The Bundy family operated a station that transported groups of slaves from Belmont to Salem, Ohio.
The Supreme Court ruling will have little impact on the future civil rights of Blacks because White s and Blacks have a propensity to develop positive racial relationships.
Dr. Derrick L. Campbell, Ed.D.
PO Box 4707 Cherry Hill, NJ 08034
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Author of Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships and Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships: Methodology
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