In a recent article, Holder and Obama are making race relations worse, inflaming hatred, the authors report that race relations in America are reported to be in a deplorable condition. The article assumes that President Barack Obama, Attorney General Eric Holder, and New York Mayor de Blasio have effectively turned their backs on police officers in stating their preference for the Black community. In addition, the article reports that surveys for Americans reveal that Obama and Holder have handled race relations in such a manner that they disapprove of their efforts.
While many of these people may feel that the responses to race relations in America by Obama are inappropriate, there are two major reasons for the delayed response. His delayed response is due to the bureaucratic nature of his job and The Raccelerate Phenomenon.
The first obstacle that has presented challenges for Obama’s responses to race relations in America is the relationship of a bureaucracy for an elected president. A bureaucracy is “a body of non-elective government officials” and/or “an administrative policy-making group”. There are a total of 537 elected offices in the United States. This includes one president, one vice president, 435 House Members, and 100 Senators. When the elected officials make law and policy it is up to the supporting employees to carry out those policies. Presently there are 2,744,931 federal employees who are responsible for carrying out the United States Laws and policies. However, what happens in the process is that the employees are at liberty to enforce the laws and policies according to their interpretation.
We find the interpretation of policy and law in racial profiling. Racial profiling is the use of an individual’s race or ethnicity by law enforcement personnel as a key factor in deciding whether to engage in enforcement (e.g. stop and search or arrest).
Racial profiling has historical roots. In 1642, a Maryland man named John Elkin confessed to the murder of an American Indian leader named Yowocomco. He was acquitted in three consecutive trials by fellow colonists, who refused to punish a White man for killing an American Indian. The governor, frustrated with the bizarre verdict, ordered a fourth trial, at which point Elkin was finally found guilty of the lesser charge of manslaughter. In 1669, as part of the slavery law revision, the Commonwealth of Virginia legalized the murder of slaves by their masters. In 1704, South Carolina established the first modern police force – The Slave Patrol – for the purpose of finding and capturing fugitive slaves.
The first anti-racial profiling law was passed in 1868. The Fourteenth Amendment states that “No State shall … Deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”. However, racial profiling continues to prevail in America today. Alternatively, the Supreme Court endorsed racial profiling for specific circumstances. In the 1944 case, Korematsu v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court held that ethnic profiling is not unconstitutional and may be practiced in times of national emergency. The ruling defended the involuntary internment of an estimated 110,000 Japanese Americans on the sole basis of ethnicity and national origin during World War II.
In 2003, President George W. Bush signed an executive order banning the use of race, color, and ethnicity to profile suspects in 70 different federal agencies. The executive order has been criticized as ineffective. We know this to be true because of the continued racial profiling that exist in America therefore continuing to hamper the improvement of race relations.
In a bureaucracy such as the United States Government, it is the individuals responsible for enforcing laws and policies is that determine the degree for which the policies are enforced and that is why racial profiling continues to date.
The Raccelerate Phenomenon presents challenges for Obama’s response to race relations in America too. The Raccelerate Phenomenon has roots in Newton’s Third Law of Motion. Newton’s Third Law of Motion states that when one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body. In elementary terms, Newton’s Third Law of Motion states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
The Raccelerate Phenomenon follows the same principle as Newton’s Third Law of Motion in that whenever there is a perceived infringement by a Black male against a White female there is an negative overreaction portrayed in the media. Specifically, the Raccelerate Phenomenon states that for every action that a Black male takes against a White female there is an elevated negative reaction towards Black men. The Raccelerate Phenomenon is the cause for many of the racial tensions between Blacks and Whites which continues to hamper improving and eliminating race relations in America.
Due to Obama’s family composition of a White mother, he has had a slow response to the difficulties associated with race relations in America. The Raccelerate Phenomenon results in the protection of the White female. For Obama to respond in a excessive manner towards race relations in America is paramount to coming against a White female which ultimately means to come against his White mother.
The root of the problem of race relations in American is racism in the classroom. The only way to eliminate classroom racism (Elcloomism) is to promote positive racial teacher student classroom relationships (Properateasclaships) which will ultimate have a drastic impact on race relations in America.
Dr. Derrick L. Campbell, Ed.D.
PO Box 1668 Blackwood, NJ 08012
Get Email Updates
Author of Promoting Positive Racial Teacher Student Classroom Relationships
“The model that you use to analyze teacher-student relationships is a good one for most school districts”.
~ Joe Vas ~ Perth Amboy Mayor
“Dr. Campbell’s Cultural Relationship Training Program is comprehensive, informative, and should be required training for all schools”
~ Darrell Pope ~ Hutchinson Kansas NAACP President